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Ruth Knoblich, M.A.

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Research Fellow + Assoc. PhD Student

Address:
Institute of Development Research and Development Policy
Ruhr-University Bochum
Universitätsstr. 105, Room 2.16
44789 Bochum
Germany

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: +49 (0)234 / 32-24857

Fax: +49 (0)234 / 32-14294

Download information as: vCard

Fields of Excpertise & Research Interests


Ruth Knoblich joined the IEE as a research fellow in May 2013. She is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Bonn, Associated Ph.D. IDS student at the IEE, and associated researcher at the Intellectual Property (IP) Unit, University of Cape Town, where she spent a research period of 16 months as an EUSA_ID scholar. She studied in Bonn, Berlin and Madrid, and holds a Masters Degree in Political Science, History and Philosophy as well as two degrees in Medicine. Ruth teaches courses at the IEE, at the Institute for Political Science and Sociology (IPWS) in Bonn, and at the South African – German Centre for Development Research, University of the Western Cape. Previously, she worked as a research and student assistant at the IPWS in Bonn as well as at the Center for European Integration Studies (ZEI). 

Ruth's research is on topics related to Science, Technology and Innovation in global politics and multi-level governance. Examining Systems of Innovation she particularly focuses on the interrelation of Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation and Development. Ruth is founding member of the Research Group on "Rising Knowledge-Powers" at the Center for Global Studies, Bonn University. Her research expertise and interests furthermore include: Institutional and Behavioural Economics, Emerging Economies and South-South Science and Technology Cooperation, International Regimes pertaining to the Protection of Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge.

PhD Project


Rising Middle-IP Powers: National Interests and International Influence. South Africa as a Case Study

Academia and the public have long been focusing on the North/South power asymmetries in the international Intellectual Property (IP) regime. Two decades after the WTO/TRIPS Agreement, it is now becoming obvious that emerging economies are carving new paths therein. On the national level, the research investigates the changing patterns of interest in safeguarding IP in those countries, their use (and sometimes their test of the boundaries) of the TRIPS flexibilities, and asks how governments make up their decisions when it comes to the design of IP in the post-TRIPS period. The national design of IP poses a major challenge for emerging economies. Despite rapid economic growth and technological development, social inequality and poverty rates remain being high, despite an overall advanced level of innovation capabilities, the innovation landscape is highly heterogeneous, and similar to the majority of countries in the global South, emerging economies bring in specific forms of knowledge and types of innovation  – e.g. traditional knowledge, forms of collaborative innovation and informal sector innovation – that are differnt to those underpinning the existing international IP system. Governments are thus facing a huge variety of demands and needs concerning the level and scope of IP protection, and find themselves in a thicket of policies with partly competitive development goals at the same time. On the international level, the thesis analyses how emerging economies not only modify the existing regulations but exert structural influence and profound changes in the international IP system.

It is only recently that studies begun pointing at China, Brazil, and India as rising middle IP-powers. Nevertheless, despite the fact that they teamed up with South Africa within their alliances as BRICS or IBSA countries, and explicitly cooperate with their “junior partner” in the fields of IP, research has not really approached South Africa with comparable analysis so far. However, South Africa is a special and interesting case with regards to the objectives of the study. The country is currently about to finalize its first strategic IP policy and to set up comprising IP reforms. On the international level the country is getting more visible in the last years – not only as a partner of the BRICS but also as a heavy weight on the African continent. Taking South Africa as a single case study, this research focuses on the three IP relevant fields: pharmaceutical innovations, genetic resources and traditional knowledge, renewable energy technology.


Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Tilman Mayer, University of Bonn


Publications

Monographs & Edited Books

(2017) Die globale Regulierung geistiger Eigentumsrechte. Interessen, Strategien und Einfluss Brasiliens, Indiens und Chinas. Wiesbaden: Springer VS.

(2014) The Global Politics of Science and Technology Vol. 1 - Concepts from International Relations and Other Disciplines. Heidelberg: Springer Publishing, edited with Maximilian Mayer and Mariana Carpes

(2014) The Global Politics of Science and Technology Vol. 2 - Cases, Perspectives, and Methods. Heidelberg: Springer Publishing, edited with Maximilian Mayer and Mariana Carpes 

Articles & Chapters

(2018) Rising Middle-IP Powers dissolving the North/South polarization in the international IP system, blog article on the IP Unit's blog-website, April 2018, with Tobias Schonwetter.

(2015) Theory Talk #68: Loet Leydesdorff on the Triple Helix: How Synergies in University-Industry-Government Relations can Shape Innovation Systems, March 11, 2015.

(2015) Theory Talk #67: Dirk Messner on the dynamics of global change and the significance of international science and technology cooperation in the post-Western world, January 30, 2015. 

(2014) The Global Politics of Science and Technology: An Introduction. In: Maximilian Mayer, Mariana Carpes, and Ruth Knoblich (eds.): The Global Politics of Science and Technology Vol. 1 - Concepts from International Relations and Other Disciplines. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, pp. 1-35, with Maximilian Mayer and Mariana Carpes.

(2014) A Toolbox for Studying the Global Politics of Science and Technology. In: Maximilian Mayer, Mariana Carpes, and Ruth Knoblich (eds.): The Global Politics of Science and Technology Vol. 2 – Cases, Perspectives and Methods. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag 2014, pp. 1-17, with Maximilian Mayer and Mariana Carpes.

(2014) The Triple Helix, the Complexity of Technological Innovations, and the Decomposition of National Innovation Systems. An Interview with Loet Leydesdorff by Ruth Knoblich. In: Maximilian Mayer, Mariana Carpes, and Ruth Knoblich (eds.): The Global Politics of Science and Technology Vol. 1 - Concepts from International Relations and Other Disciplines. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag 2014, pp. 251-258.

(2014) The Role of Science and Technology in the Dynamics of Global Change and the Significance of International Knowledge Cooperation in the Post-Western World: An Interview with Dirk Messner by Ruth Knoblich. In: Maximilian Mayer, Mariana Carpes, and Ruth Knoblich (eds.): The Global Politics of Science and Technology Vol. 1 - Concepts from International Relations and Other Disciplines. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag 2014, pp. 267-273.

(2014) Hidden in Plain View: Exploring the Knowledge Power of States. In: Maximilian Mayer, Mariana Carpes, and Ruth Knoblich (eds.): The Global Politics of Science and Technology Vol. 2 – Cases, Perspectives and Methods. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag 2014, pp. 117-141, with Katharina Below, Sarah Herweg and Krystin Unverzagt.

(2012) Zum Schlüsselbegriff des Raumes, in: Tilman Mayer und Ludger Kühnhardt: Die Gestaltung der Globalität. Encyclopedia of Globality: Key Terms of Social Order, ZEI-Discussion Paper C 211, Bonn, together with Robert Meyer. (Download)

(2012) Der Aufstieg der BIC-Staaten als Wissensmächte. In: Zeitschrift für Politik 59 (1) 2012, pp. 3-23, with Katharina Below, Regina Bösl, Jan-Paul Franken, Sarah Herweg, Martin Krupp and Maximilian Mayer.

(2011) Der Nationalstaat im Globalisierungsprozess. In: Tilman Mayer/Robert Meyer/Lazaros Miliopoulos/Peter Ohly/Erich Weede: Globalisierung im Fokus von Politik, Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft. Eine Bestandsaufnahme, Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag, pp. 29-50, with Tilman Mayer.

(2011) Sind die BRIC-Staaten aufsteigende Wissensmächte? Herausforderungen für die deutsche Wissenspolitik, CGS-Discussion Paper 3, Bonn, with Katharina Below, Regina Bösl, Jan-Paul Franken, Sarah Herweg, Martin Krupp and Maximilian Mayer. (Download)

(2009) Deutscher Herbst 1989. 31. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Deutschlandforschung in Berlin. In: Deutschland Archiv: Zeitschrift für das vereinigte Deutschland 42 (3): 531-533.

(2008) Progress in Pacific EPA Negotiations, in: ZEI-Regional Integration Observer 2 (2): pp. 5f. (Download)


Presentations


(2013) "The Matter Of Knowledge Power: Theoretical Considerations And Global Empirical Evidence", First Berlin Forum On Global Politics 'This Is Not Global Politics! ... Or Is It?', April 18/19th, FU Berlin, together with Katharina Below, Sarah Herweg und Krystin Unverzagt)

(2011) "Chinas Strategien im internationalen System zum Schutz geistiger Eigentumsrechte", workshop 'Neues Machtzentrum? Chinas Rolle und Einfluss bei der Veränderung von internationalen Wirtschaftsstrukturen und -institutionen', November 3rd, Center for Global Studies, Bonn University

(2010) (with Robert Meyer:) "Zum Schlüsselbegriff des Raumes", Colloquium of the research project "Die Gestaltung der Globalität in Europa", Center for European Integration Studies (ZEI), Bonn University, December 6th

(2010) (with Maximilian Mayer:) "Lösungsansätze zur Entpolarisierung der globalen Wissensgovernance", Paper for the Young Researchers' Conference "Norms in Conflict" of the DFG-Cluster of Excellence "Normative Orders", Panel "Normative Conditions of International Knowledge Transfer", Frankfurt University, December 4th-5th

(2010) Die BRIC-Staaten als aufstrebende Wissensmächte? Einladung des Ausschusses für Bildung, Forschung und Technikfolgenabschätzung des Deutschen Bundestages, Berlin, July 8 2010, with CGS research group on "rising knowledge powers".

Teaching

(Summer Term 2018) Institutions & Development, MA Seminar, South-African German Centre for Development Research, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town

(Winter Term 2016/17) Institutions & Development, MA Seminar, IEE, Ruhr-University Bochum

(Winter Term 2016/17) Wissen als Ware – Geistige Eigentumsrechte in der globalen politischen Ökonomie. Proseminar im BA-Studiengang, IPWS Bonn (Blockveranstaltung WiSe 2016/17)

(Summer Term 2016) Institutions & Development, MA seminar, South-African German Centre for Development Research, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town

(Summer Term 2015) Public Policy and Reform Management, MA seminar, IEE, Ruhr-University Bochum

(Summer Term 2015) Public Policy and Reform Management, MA Seminar, South-African German Centre for Development Research, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town

(Winter Term 2014/15) Public Sector Management, MA Seminar (with Anne Siebert), IEE, Ruhr-University Bochum

(Winter Term 2014/15) Institutions and Development, MA Block Seminar, IEE, Ruhr-University Bochum)

(Summer Term 2014) Institutions and Development, MA Block Seminar (with Dr. Meik Nowak), South-African German Centre for Development Research, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 

(Summer Term 2014) Die internationale Regulierung geistiger Eigentumsrechte – Strukturen, Konfliktlinien, Wandel, BA seminar, Institute for Political Science and Sociology, University of Bonn

(Summer Term 2013) Research Logic, MA seminar (together with Stefan Buchholz and Anne Siebert), IEE Ruhr-University Bochum

(Winter Term 2013/14) Geistiges Eigentum in der globalen politischen Ökonomie - Strukturen, Wandel, Konfliktlinien, BA seminar, Institute for Political Science and Sociology, University of Bonn

(Summer Term 2013) Die Governance von Technologie und Innovation, BA seminar, Institute for Political Science and Sociology, University of Bonn

(Summer Term 2012) Demokratietheorie und die Praxis der Parteien, MA seminar assistance (Prof. Dr. Tilman Mayer), Institute for Political Science and Sociology, University of Bonn

(Summer Term 2011) Nationalstaatlichkeit im Zeitalter der Globalität, MA seminar assistance (Prof. Dr. Tilman Mayer), Institute for Political Science and Sociology, University of Bonn


Mentoring

  • Penpitcha Thammasith Boonloy: Analyzing the process of development cooperation as an instrument of foreign policy. The case study of Thailand (2/2018, MA Thesis, IEE, Ruhr University Bochum, qualitative analysis)

  • Joy Muthanje Mwaniki: The Use of Social Innovations for Social Change: A Study of Social Enterprises in Kigali, Ruanda. (MA Thesis, ongoing)

  • Irina Ruoff: From open defacation to improved sanitation and hygiene. An evaluation of UNICEF's "Community Approaches To Sanitation" on social norms and behavior change in rural Rajasthan, India (MA Thesis, ongoing, qualitative research)

  • Sophia Dieken: Chinas Boom in den Erneuerbaren Energien. Zwei Wege zur Wettbewerbsfähigkeit (english title: China's Boom in Renewables. Two Pathways of Innovation) (09/2015, BA Thesis, qualitative method, Institute for Political Science and Sociology, Bonn University)

  • Eva Kristina Nelles: Traditionelles Wissen und geistige Eigentumsrechte im Konflikt - Eine Auseinandersetzung am Beispiel der Nutzung des indigenen Wissens der Bevölkerung in Chiapas durch die Life Science Industrie (english title: Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property Rights in Conflict. The Case of Traditional Knowledge of the Indigenous Community of Chiapas/Mexico and its Use by the Life Science Industry) 10/2015, BA Thesis, qualitative research, Institute for Political Science and Sociology, Bonn University)

  • Leonie Stapelfeldt: The Protection of Rooibos. A Display of the Small Scale Rooibos Farmers' Perception regarding South Africa's first Geographical Indication, its Reasons, and their Resulting Counter-Strategy (11/2015, Master Thesis, IEE, Ruhr University Bochum)

  • Sabrina Locuratolo: Workers of Fair-Trade and non-Fair Trade Certificated Rose Plantations in Ecuador. A Comparison of Workers Capabilities on Working Conditions and Social Development (12/2017, MA Thesis, IEE, mixed method)

  • Gweze John Jere: Examining the Opportunities and Challenges of Integrating non-state Actors in the African Union Peace and Security Architecture Programmes (MA Thesis Bochum, ongoing, qualitative research)


How to contact us

Institute of Development Research and Development Policy
Ruhr University Bochum

Room 2.04
Universitaetsstr. 105
D-44789 Bochum

E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone:   +49-(0)234 / 32-22418
or   32-22243
Fax:   +49-(0)234 / 32-14-294

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Latest Publications

Amr Khafagy: Finance, Distribution and the Economic Objective of Financial Cooperative Institutions, in: Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 1-25 (early view).

Mariana Vilmondes Türke: Business and Human Rights in Brazil: Exploring Human Rights Due Diligence and Operational-Level Grievance Mechanisms in the Case of Kinross Paracatu Gold Mine, in: Revista de Direito Internacional, v. 15, n. 2

Themba Nyasulu: Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth in the Southern African Development Community (SADC): The Role of Human Capital, in: International Journal of Economic Development (IJED), Vol. 12(1), pp. 82-107

More information: "Publications / New Publications"

IEE on Tour

November 15:
Zena Mouawad
at Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen / Germany for the workshop "Researching International Organizations Empirically", presenting "Organizational Impediments of Coordinators in InterOrganizational Relations" in a work-in-progress talk

November 22 - 28:
Raffael Beier
in Rabat and Casablanca / Morocco, presenting at a colloquium about "Urban Space and the Common Good"

November 29 - December 03:
Britta Niklas
at Bordeaux Sciences Agro in Gradignan / France, attending a networking workshop on Organic Wine Research

IEE on Field Research

Ruth Knoblich is on field research in Cape Town and Pretoria / South Africa until end of November 2018.

Om Ki has a research stay in Myanmar until mid-November 2018.

Christina Seeger is on field research in Bamako/Mali until end of November 2018.