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Dr. Elkhan Richard Sadik-Zada

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Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Universitätsstr. 105, Room 2.09
44789 Bochum

Phone: +49-(0)234 / 32-19005

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E-Mails:   This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Academic Affiliations

Since 11/2008:   (Postdoctoral) Research Fellow (Habilitand) at the Institute of Development Research and Development Policy (IEE), Ruhr-University Bochum
09/2017‑09/2018:   Official Visiting Research Fellow, Faculty of Economics and Girton College, University of Cambridge, UK
Since 06/2017:   Fellow and Editor-in-Chief, Center for Economic Development and Social Change (CED), Independent Think Tank, Napoli, Italy
Since 09/2018:   Member of the Energy@Cambridge Research Group, Cambridge University, UK
Since 04/2019:   Member of the Editorial Board of The Journal of Economic Sciences: Theory and Practice, UNEC
Since 04/2019:   Review Editor at Climate, MDPI Journal
Since 07/2020 Member of Editorial Board of Frontiers in Sustainability (Circular Economy Section)
Since 02/2021 Topic Editor at Sustainability, MDPI Journal

Fields of Expertise

  • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Environmental and Energy Economics
  • Development Economics
  • Macroeconomics
  • Applied Econometrics


2015   Ph.D., Ruhr-Universität Bochum (summa cum laude)
2007   Diplom-Ökonom, Ruhr-Universität Bochum
2004   Intermediate Diploma in Economic Sciences, Ruhr-Universität Bochum (gut)
2002   Bachelor in International Economics, UNEC (summa cum laude)


Peer reviewed

  • (2021) What Drives Public Debt Growth? A Focus on Natural Resources, Sustainability, and Development. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy 11(5): 614-621.
  • (2020) Drivers of the CO2-Emissions in the Fossil-Fuel Abundant Settings: (Pooled) Mean Group and Nonparametric Panel Analyses. Together with Wilhelm Loewenstein. Energies, 13(15), 3956. (available online)


Books and book chapters

Not peer-reviewed

  • (2019) Hotelling Rule Revisited: Inferior Institutional Quality as a Plea for Conservation? together with Andrea Gatto. In: State, Law, Society: Current Problems and Development Trends. Materials of V Roundtable. Poltava: Poltava Oil and Gas College.
  • (2005) Geopolitik in der Kaspischen Region. ZfTI-Aktuell 103, Essen: Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  • (2006) Die Regionalen Interessen im Nordirak im Rahmen der politischen Neugestaltung des Landes. ZfTI-Aktuell 116, Essen: Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  • (2005) Iran im System der Internationalen Beziehungen: Aspekte der Regionalen Sicherheit. ZfTI-Aktuell 109, Essen: Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  • (2004) Türkisch-aserbaidschanische Handelsbeziehungen: Ein Zeichen für politische Entfernung? ZfTI-Aktuell 106, Essen: Universität Duisburg-Essen.

Selected Presentations

The Role of Blockchain in the Assurance of the Resilient Supply and Value Chains. Lecture Faculty of Economics, Marmara University. 24.02.2022. Istanbul, Turkey (online).

Die unternehmerische Wertschöpfungskette - betriebs- und volkswirtschaftliche Grundsatzfragen. Presentation. Fachhochschule Dortmund - University of Applied Sciences and Arts. 08.12.2022. Dortmund, Germany.

Globale handelspolitische Herausforderungen im Zuge der Corona-Pandemie. Presentation HRM Wiesbaden Business School. 21.04.2021. Wiesbaden, Germany (online).

Bewertung von Digitalen Technologien in der Landwirtschaft. Lecture Hochschule für Wirtschaft und Umwelt. 17.05.2021. Geislingen, Germany (online).

Dealing with multiple uncertainties - the case of deep-sea fishing. Lecture Deutschen Zentrum für Biodiversitätsforschung (idiv). 05.02.2021. Leipzig, Germany (online).

Socio-Economic Pluralism and Natural Resource Endowments. Second Environmental Economics: A Focus on Natural Resources Conference. 19.11.2020. Orléans, France (online)

The Role of the Southern Gas Corridor in Energy Transition of Southeast Europe. Energy Transition Workshop, Bratislava, Slovakia.

European Environmental Policies, the Role of Gasification and Relations with the Global South, 21.10.2019, Science Week, UNEC, Baku, Azerbaijan.

A Rawlsian Model of Climate Justice and Empirical Analyses. 29-30.08.2019, EMCC-IV Econometric Models of Climate Change Conference. University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.

Is there a Veblen effect for fine wine? 13th Annual Meeting of American Association for Wine Economics (AAWE), Vienna, Austria.

Renewable Energy and Public Debt: Pooled Mean Group Analysis. 2-5.07.2019, 13th Summer School of the European Association of Evolutionary Economics. University Roma Tre, Rome, Italy

Hotelling Rule Revisited: Inferior Institutional Quality as a Plea for Conservation? 19.04.2019. V Roundtable. Poltava: Poltava Oil and Gas College. Poltava, Ukraine.

Proposing an Environmental Hotelling Rule. International Scientific Conference. Contemporary Economic Problems in the Era of Globalization. Theory and Practice. 22.05.2019, Nicolaus Copernicus University of Torun, Poland.

Assessment of the Economic Policy Shifts in the Energy Sector: A Tale of Two Thresholds, Workshop on Renewable Energy in the SDGs, 28.02.2019, Energy Academy of the University of Groningen, Netherlands

Autocratic Bargaining and the Speed of the Structural Change in the Resource Abundant Labour Surplus Economies, 7.06-9.06.2018, ECOMOD 2018, Venice, Italy.

Asymmetric Hubbertian Revenue Distribution and Rent-Seeking Incentive, Managing resources: theory session, Environmental Economics: A Focus on Natural Resources Conference, 5-6.04.2018, Orléans, France

Embedding Political Bargaining in the Dual Economy Model of the Structural Change, Energy transition and structural change session, Environmental Economics: A Focus on Natural Resources Conference, 5-6.04.2018, Orléans, France

Is Waste-to-Energy an Effective Strategy to Increase the Resource Efficiency of the Economy? A Panel Data Approach to Circular Economy in the EU, AIQUAV CONFERENZA 2017 "Qualità della vita e Sostenibilità" 30. November - 2. December 2017, Florence, Italy

EU Action on Nutrition and its Discontents (Poster Presentation), 3rd International Conference on Global Food Security, 3-6. December 2017, Cape Town, South Africa

Intersectoral Elasticity Model and Elite Dynamics in the Petroleum-Exporting MENA-States, Workshop New Political Economy Perspectives of the Middle East, 27.10.2017, Oxford Department of International Development, Oxford, UK

A Model of the Decaying Rentier State, Annual Conference of French Environmental and Resource Economists, 12-14.09.2017, Nancy, France

Nonrenewable Resource Rents and Tax Base Erosion in the Labor Surplus Economies, Annual EADI Conference, 20-22.08.2017, Bergen, Norway

Hubbertian Revenue Distribution and a Dynamic Model of the Rent-Seeking Incentive, Annual Conference of the European Association of Environmental and Energy Economists, 29.06-02.07.2017, Athens, Greece

Hotelling Rule for the Low and High-Income Countries and Differences in their Resource Depletion Strategies, 5-6. September 2016, 5th International PhD Conference on International Development, University of East Anglia, UK

Hotelling Rule Revisited: Inferior Institutional Setting as A Pleading for Conservation? DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.15466.82888

Revenue Management and the Impact of the Resource-Abundance on Economic Development, 20.01.2014, African Mining Academy, Yaounde, Cameroon

Azerbaijan's Experience in Oil Contract Negotiations and Revenue Management, 21.01.2014, African Mining Academy, Yaounde, Cameroon

Caspian Oil Game and National Interests, 21.01.2001, International Economics Conference, Tbilisi State University, Georgia



  • Cambridge Energy Research Group
  • European and French Associations for Environmental and Resource Economics
  • The International Society of Dynamic Games
  • International Input-Output Association
  • International Political Economy Society
  • World Economics Association

Journal Refereeing

Ecological Economics, The Energy Journal, Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy, Journal of Economics and Management, International Journal of the Commons, Forest Policy and Economics, International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Agricultural and Resource Economics, Energy, Economic Theory Bulletin, Economics Letters, International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Energies, Agriculture, Econometrics, Mathematics, Science of Total Environment, Land, Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, Mineral Economics


  • Samer Alfakiani (2022): Determinants and Forms of Participation in Civil war: The case of the Syrian Uprising
  • Foday Sheku Dumbuya (2022): The Impact of Energy Access on Socio-Economic Development in Rural Communities: A Case Study on the Rural Renewable Project in Sierra Leone
  • Huseynov, Vugar (2019) Income and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in a Small Oil-Abundant Country. 
  • Rashida Abdullayeva (2019) The Impact of Innovations on Public Sector Service Delivery. The Case Study of ASAN.
  • Nasiba Sodatshoeva (2019) The Development Impact of Rural Electrification. A Case Study of Pamir Energy Project in the Gorno-Badakhstan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan. 
  • Christine Kirchhoff (2019) Praxis der Rohstoffabsicherung in den Entwicklungsländern
  • Weifenbach, Hannah (2018) The Impact of Political Instability on Economic Growth
  • Zacharias, Lara (2017) An Analysis of Time Required for Equilibrating Adjustment in the Neoclassical Growth Models
  • Henke, Johannes (2007) Entwicklungshemmnisse in rohstoffreichen Staaten am Beispiel Äquatorialguineas
  • Blick, Nuwe (2017/18) Rural electrification in Agricultural growth: A case study of the National Rural Electrification Program in Uganda
  • Alkurish, Hashem (2017/2018) The determinants of the financing structure. Case Study: The listed SMEs on the Nile Stock Exchange in Egypt
  • Ferrari, Mattia (2016/2017) Privatization in Network Industries: Access and Poverty.
  • Sharipova, Gulshod (2014/15) Evaluation of the Poverty Reduction Programme in the National Development Strategy of Tajikistan.
  • Asadov, Sardar (2015) Oil Abundance and Poverty Reduction in Azerbaijan.
  • Buschke, Hanna (2014): Social Remittances of Ghanian Migrants. A Study of How the Value Shift of Migrants Influences the Development of Ghana.
  • Herrera Leon, Diana (2014): Social Capital, Income Inequality and the Level of Income and Their Relationship with Violence in Urban Areas in El Salvador. Case Study: Temporary Income Support Program (PATI).

How to contact us

Institute of Development Research and Development Policy
Ruhr University Bochum

Room 2.04
Universitaetsstr. 105
D-44789 Bochum

E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone:   +49-(0)234 / 32-22418
or   32-22243
Fax:   +49-(0)234 / 32-14-294

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Latest Publications

Sadik-Zada, E.R. Gatto, A. (2023). Frontiers and Best Practices in Bio, Circular, and Green Growth and Eco-Innovation.
available online

Sadik-Zada, E.R., Gatto, A., Weißnicht, Y. (2024). Back to the Future: Revisiting the Perspectives on nuclear fusion and juxtaposition to existing energy sources. Energy, Volume 290, 129150. 
available online

Britta Niklas, The effect of South African wine certifications on price premiums and marginal costs: A two-stage hedonic approach, Economic Modelling Volume 132, March 2024
available online

More information: "Publications / New Publications"

IEE on Tour

Feb 26.2. - 1.3.2024
Prof. Wilhelm Löwenstein, Gabriele Bäcker, Muhammad Saleh, Akua Martinson, Natalia Zakharchenko, Irene Among, Simon Rahn 
ADAPTED Annual Meeting, Centre d'Économie de la Sorbonne, Paris 1 University, France

Nov 13.11. - 14.11.2023
Simon Rahn
Development Dialogue Konferenz (DD19), International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), The Hague, NL

May 28.5. - 31.5.2023
Britta Niklas
Greece, Crete, 2nd annual conference of the European Association of Wine Economists (EUAWE)

Apr 16.4. - 22.4.2023
Irene Among
South Africa, Cape Twon, UWC, Lecture

Apr 3.4. - 7.4.2023
Irene Among
UK, Studies Conference

Mar 18.3. - 4.4.2023:
Britta Niklas
South Africa, Cape Twon, UWC, Lecture

Feb 11.02. - 27.02.2023:
Wilhelm Löwenstein
South Africa, Cape Twon, UWC, Lecture

Jan 07.01. -25.01.2023:
Elkhan Sadik-Zada
South Africa, Cape Town, UWC, Lecture