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Dr. Martina Shakya

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Programme Coordinator, PhD in International Development Studies Post-Doctoral Fellow, Urban Food Plus

Institute of Development Research and Development Policy
Ruhr-University Bochum
Universitätsstr. 105, Room 2.02
44789 Bochum

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: +49 (0)234 / 32-25149

Fax: +49 (0)234 / 32-14294

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Office Hours: Tuesdays, 9:00 - 11:00 am


  • Doctorate (PhD) in Human Geography, Faculty of Geosciences, Ruhr University Bochum
  • Postgraduate Training at the German Development Institute (DIE/GDI)
  • Diplom-Geographin (MSc equivalent), Human Geography, Political Science and Anthropology, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster


Since 06/2013:   Postdoctoral Fellow, Urban Food Plus, Institute of Development Research and Development Policy (IEE), Ruhr University Bochum (RUB)
2009 - 2013:   Scientific Coordinator, Cooperation with Afghan Faculties of Management and Economics, IEE, RUB
2004 - 2009:   Research Fellow, IEE, RUB
2001 - 2003:   Resource Management and Tourism Advisor, Mpumalanga Rural Development Programme, Ehlanzeni District Municipality, GTZ/DED, Nelspruit, South Africa
1998 - 2001:   Community Tourism Advisor, Center for Community Development and Research (CCODER), DED (German Development Service), Kathmandu, Nepal

Research Interests

  • Impact evaluation of development interventions
  • Vulnerability and poverty assessment
  • Tourism in developing countries

Current Research Project

Assessing the impacts of improved wastewater irrigation and optimized soil fertility on income, expenditure, and food security of urban and peri-urban farm households in West Africa

(BMBF-funded research project Urban Food Plus, sub-project economics)


  • Shakya, Martina (2016): Tourism and Social Capital: Case Studies from Rural Nepal. In: McCool, Stephen F. & Bosak, Keith (editors): Reframing Sustainable Tourism. Dordrecht: Springer (Environmental Challenges and Solutions 2), pp. 217-239.
  • Bellwood-Howard, Imogen, Volker Häring, Hanna Karg, Regina Roessler, Johannes Schlesinger and Martina Shakya (2015): Characteristics of Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture in West Africa: Results of an Exploratory Survey Conducted in Tamale (Ghana) and Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). Colombo: International Water Management Institute (IWMI Working Paper 163).
  • Löwenstein, Wilhelm, Martina Shakya, Marc Hansen and Sanjay Gorkhali (2015): Do the Poor Benefit from Corporate Social Responsibility? A Theory-Based Impact Evaluation of Six Community-Based Water Projects in Sri Lanka. Bochm (IEE Working Paeper Vol. 210)
  • Shakya, Martina (2014): Social Capital, Tourism and Socio-Economic Transformation of Rural Society. Evidence from Nepal. Bochum 2014 (IEE Working Paper Vol. 208)
  • Löwenstein, Wilhelm, Shakya, Martina; Gorkhali, Sanjay; (2015): Cost-Benefit Analysis of Providing Rural Poor with Water - Corporate Social Responsibility in Sri Lanka (unpublished evaluation report)
  • Shakya, Martina (2011): Neue Tourismusprodukte in Nepal: Chancen eines kulturbezogenen Nischentourismus. In: Nepal-Information, Nr. 107, S. 83-87
  • Shakya, Martina (2011): Local Perceptions of Risk and Tourism: a case study from rural Nepal. In: Recreation and Society in Africa, Asia & Latin America, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 31-64
  • Shakya, Martina (2010): The Impact of Non-Farm Economic Activities on Risk and Vulnerability in Remote Mountain Regions: The Case of Tourism. Contributed paper prepared for presentation at the international symposium "Sustainable Land Use and Rural Development in Mountainous Regions of Southeast Asia," Hanoi, 21-23 July 2010. Online publication. (Download)
  • Shakya, Martina (2010): Tourism's Impact on the Risk Management and Coping Capacity of Rural Communities in Nepal. In: Building sustainable rural futures. The added value of systems approaches in times of change and uncertainty. Proceedings of the 9th European IFSA Symposium, 4-7 July 2010, Vienna, pp. 2097-2107. Online publication. (Download)
  • Shakya, Martina (2010): Tourismus im Zeichen globaler Krisen – eine Aufgabe für die Entwicklungs-zusammenarbeit? Editorial in DED (German Development Service) publication "Nachhaltiger Tourismus." Bonn, pp. 4-8.
  • Shakya, Martina (2009): Risk, Vulnerability and Tourism in Developing Countries: The Case of Nepal. Berlin: Logos-Verlag (Bochum Studies in International Development, Vol. 56).
  • Shakya, Martina (2009): Tourismus in Nepal: Risikofaktor oder Beitrag zur sozialen Sicherung ländlicher Haushalte? In: Nepal-Information, No. 102/103, pp. 95-99.
  • Shakya, Martina (2003) Community Tourism. Development and Sustainable Land Use in the Hill Areas of Nepal. In: Domrös, Manfred (Ed.): Translating Development. The Case of Nepal. New Delhi, pp. 217-236.
  • Chakraborty, R.N.; Freier, Ines; Kegel, Friederike; Mäscher, Martina (1997): Community Forestry in the Terai Region of Nepal. Policy Issues, Experience, and Potential. Berlin (German Development Institute, Reports and Working Papers 5/1997).



  • Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation

Bachelor Geography (RUB):

  • Entwicklungspolitik und Entwicklungspraxis
  • Trends im globalen Tourismus

Mentoring of Master Theses

  • Than Hlaing Oo, Gabriel (2016): Adoption of CSR Practices in the Tourism Sector of Developing Countries: a Comparative Study of Foreign and Domestic Hotel andTtour Operators in Myanmar
  • Natnaeal Alemnu, Beyene (2015): Assessing the Impact of Technology Adoption on Agricultural Productivity and Income: a Case Study of Improved Teff Variety Adoption from Kobo Woreda in North Eastern Ethiopia
  • Mistry, Arnab Kushal (2014): Health Related Impacts of Wastewater Irrigation on Peri-urban Farming Households near Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mensah, Clement (2013): Evaluating the Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Poverty Reduction: A Case Study of the Cadbury Cocoa Partnership Initiative in the Mpohor Wassa East District of Ghana
  • Marangu, Joyce (2013): Impact of School Health Promotion on Human Capital: An Evaluation of the Children's Health Programme (CHEP) in Kiambu, Kenya
  • Pais Guerreiro, Verónica Isabel (2013): Migration and Development. Assessing the Effects of International Migration on Social Capital in Migrant-Sending Areas in Southern Mozambique
  • Bakoev, Manuchehr (2012): Impacts of Community-Based Tourism on Poverty Alleviation in Tajikistan
  • Betancourt Cuadrado, Carmen Paola (2012): The Effect of Return Programs on the Economic Reintegration of Migrants. A Case Study of the Ecuadorian Returnees from Spain
  • Gerth, Emanuel (2011): Impacts of International Migration on Human Capital in Rural Areas of Developing Countries. A Case Study from Nepal
  • Costella, Cecilia Valentina (2008): Organizational and Institutional Determinants of Community Participation in Social Funds: A Case Study of FONCODES in Peru
  • Hossain, Md Mokther (2008): Governance and Disaster Risk in Bangladesh: Case Studies from Khulna District
  • Ulziikhuu, Buyandelger (2008): The Role of Tourism in Rural Development: A Case Study of Uvurhangai Province in Mongolia
  • Göhl, Sandra (2007): Linking Decentralization and Disaster Risk Management in Mozambique. A Contribution to Local Development?
  • Gemechu Alemu, Shambel (2006): Social Capital, Non-governmental Organizations and Development: A Study of Household Well-being at Anano Integrated Rural Development Program
  • Naing, William (2006): Evaluating Evaluations. The Case of the Wa Alternative Development Project (WADP) in Myanmar
  • Namara Kwesiga, Joseline (2006): Women Empowerment through Microfinance Institutions: A Case Study of Foundation for International Community Assistance (FINCA) in Jinja District, Uganda
  • Dinbabo, Mulugeta Fitamo (2005): Indigenous Community Based Organizations (CBOs), the Community and Local Development: a Case Study of Gubre in Ethiopia

How to contact us

Institute of Development Research and Development Policy
Ruhr University Bochum

Room 2.04
Universitaetsstr. 105
D-44789 Bochum

E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone:   +49-(0)234 / 32-22418
or   32-22243
Fax:   +49-(0)234 / 32-14-294

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Latest Publications

Beier, Raffael & Fritzsche, Jasmin: Refugees and the City: UN-Habitat’s New Urban Agenda. In: Forced Migration Review 55, pp. 29-30.

Themba Nyasulu: Harnessing Economic Impacts of Migrant Remittances for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Critical Review of the Literature.

Annika Engelbert: Public Procurement Law in Sub-Saharan Africa. A Means to Curb Corruption?

More information: "Publications / New Publications"

IEE on Tour

August 29 - September 02:
Raffael Beier
at the PANTEION University of Sociological and Political Science and HAROKOPIO University, Athens/Greece, for the 13th European Sociological Association (ESA) Conference

IEE on Field Research

Raffael Beier spends a research period at the International Institute for Social Studies, The Hague/Netherlands, from July 17 to September 08.

Ruth Knoblich spends a research period for her PhD as an EUSA-ID Scholar at the University of Cape Town/South Africa from January to December 2017.

Christina Seeger spends a research period in Tamale/Ghana for the Urban Food Plus project from 1 August to 4 October.