Lisa Hilleke

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PhD Student

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PhD Project


Water is Life - Coping with Water Challenges in Iraqi Kurdistan

Increasing water scarcity is an urgent global concern, but effective response is often developed locally. Historically, some regions are more prone to suffer from limited access to water than others. Compared to most other Middle Eastern regions, Iraqi Kurdistan was well positioned to access water sources. However, this has changed in recent years. Longer dry seasons with limited rainfall and therefore more frequent droughts, as well as a history of oppression, wars, occupation, and sanctions have led to mismanaged, poorly maintained or destroyed water systems. As a consequence Iraqi Kurdistan’s water sources have diminished drastically in the last five decades. Currently, Iraqi Kurdistan’s population does not only have to handle the negative effects of oppression, a protracted conflict and the aftermath of the fight agains ISIS, but also the deficiency of its most precious natural resource and basic need. Limited access to clean water constitutes one cause for migration and displacement in Iraq and therefore adds the ongoing IDP movements. This research project assesses the presence and impact of coping mechanisms to access clean water in urban Iraqi Kurdistan. The assessment is based on an analysis of the population’s needs and vulnerabilities, with a particular focus on their traditional and religious behavior towards water utilization and the extent to which their coping mechanisms are influenced by the state’s political and economic system, and decades of continuous conflict.

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Dennis Dijkzeul

Research Interests

  • Localization and contextualization of aid
  • Civil military cooperation in humanitarian aid
  • Sexual and gender-based violence in the humanitarian aid sector
  • Masculinities
  • Psycho-social support structures

Vita

Since 2018:   Research Fellow for the Study program "International Emergency and Disaster Relief" at Akkon University for Human Sciences, Berlin, Germany
Since 2017:   Consultant for Non-governmental/non-profit organizations (NGOs) regarding fundraising and proposal writing, public relations, project management and strategic profiling (EWDE e.V., HAUKARI e.V., YASA e.V. Jiyan Foundation, etc.)
2016 – 2017:   Country Director for Help – Hilfe zur Selbsthilfe e.V., Country Office, Erbil, Kurdish Autonomous Region, Iraq
2016: External Evaluator on behalf of YASA e.V., Erbil, Iraq
2016: Liaison Officer (HoB/ acting CD) for Malteser International, Liaison Office, Erbil, Kurdish Autonomous Region, Iraq
2014 – 2015:   Administrative Director of MBA-Program in CSR & NGO Management at the International Centre for Sustainable Development (IZNE) and Department of Management Sciences at University of Applied Sciences Bonn-Rhein-Sieg (BRSU), Sankt Augustin/ Rheinbach, Germany
2013 – 2014:   Research Fellow at the International Centre for Sustainable Development (IZNE) at University of Applied Sciences Bonn-Rhein-Sieg (BRSU), Sankt Augustin, Germany
2012: Scholar at the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) in Sulaimaniyah/ Erbil/ Dohuk, KRG/ Iraq
2011: Consultant/ Evaluator on behalf of BIHL-IPMC International Project Management and Consulting in Haiti and Germany
2011 – 2012:   Research fellow at the Institute of Development Research and Development Policy (IEE) at Ruhr-University Bochum (RUB) in Bochum, Germany
2011: Evaluator on behalf of Development Assistance Research Associates (DARA) in Madrid, Spain/ Jerusalem, oPt/ Israel
2010 – 2011:   Associate for Humanitarian Aid for Kindernothilfe e.V. (KNH) in Duisburg, Germany
Since 2010:   PhD Candidate in International Development Studies (expected) at the Institute of Development Research and Development Policy (IEE) at Ruhr-University Bochum (RUB), Germany
2010: Key Account Manager at the Executive Institute Ltd. in Cairo, Egypt
2009: December 2009 Administrative and Field Support Unit (AFSU) Intern at the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Geneva, Switzerland
2009 – 2010   Project Analyst/ Adviser for the Rheinisch-Westfälisches Eletrizitätswerk AG (RWE AG) in Essen, Germany
2008 – 2009   Master’s in International Humanitarian Action (M.A.) at the Institute for International Law of Peace and Armed Conflict (IFHV) at Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany
2003 – 2008   Master’s in Economics and Business Administration (Dipl. Oec.) at Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main/ Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany

Teaching and Lecturing Experience

2018:   Visiting lecturer at Akkon University for Human Sciences, Berlin, Germany:
Module "Fundraising and Resources"
2018:   Visiting lecturer at Academy of the German Foreign Office, Berlin, Germany:
Supporting for the training of candidates for the higher foreign service (attachés) and acilitating the seminar "Crisis Response Training"
2017:   Trainer at the Joint Crisis Coordination Center (JCC), MoI, Erbil/ Iraq:
Project Cycle Management, SGBV, Sphere-Standards, Institution Building
2015:   Lecturer at the Zentrum für Innere Führung der Bundeswehr, Koblenz, Germany:
An Introduction to the Kurdish Autonomous Region of Iraq
2012:   Guest Lecturer at the American University of Iraq – Sulaimani, KRG/ Iraq:
Water Challenges, Environmental Policies
2012:   Trainer at Independent Media Center in Kurdistan, Erbil, KRG/Iraq:
Environmental and water challenges in the Middle East
Since 2011:   Lecturer/Role player on behalf of the Akademie für Krisenmanagement, Notfallplanung und Zivilschutz (AKNZ)/ Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Management (BBK) in Ahrweiler, Germany (Austria, Netherlands, Poland, Rumania):
Project Cycle Management, Sphere Standards and Millennium Development Goals, the Red and Red Crescent Movement in Complex Emergencies, Gender and Culture, and SGBV, and role player in the Simulation Exercise of the High Level Coordination Course
2010 – 2015:   Lecturer at the Institute for International Law of Peace and Armed Conflict (IFHV) at Ruhr-University Bochum in Bochum, Germany:
Field Research, Intercultural Competences, Standards of Humanitarian Action, and Institution Building and Programming and supervisor of Master Thesis writing of students in International Humanitarian Action (NOHA)

Publications

  • Hilleke, L. “2nd IWA Development Congress and Exhibition: Pioneering Water Solutions in Urbanizing Areas from 21 to 24 November 2011 in Kuala Lumpur and 6th World Water Forum: Time for Solutions from 12 to 17 March 2012 in Marseille”. In: Humanitäres Völkerrecht, Informationsschriften, Deutsches Rotes Kreuz/Institut für Friedenssicherungsrecht und Humanitäres Völkerrecht. Vol. 25, 2. 2012. 111-113.
  • DARA –HRI 2011 “Focus on occupied Palestinian territories (oPt) – Few Improvements, Failing Hopes”. In: DARA Impact Matters -The Humanitarian Response Index (HRI) 2011. Team Member. September 2011.
  • Hilleke, L./ Dijkzeul, D. “David Keen: Complex Emergencies”. Buchbesprechung. In: Humanitäres Völkerrecht, Informationsschriften, Deutsches Rotes Kreuz/Institut für Friedenssicherungsrecht und Humanitäres Völkerrecht. Vol. 22, 4. 2009. 215-216.
  • Hilleke, L. “Internationale Konferenz: Islam und Moderner Nationalstaat – Ein Konflikt der Kulturen?”. In: Humanitäres Völkerrecht, Informationsschriften, Deutsches Rotes Kreuz/Institut für Friedenssicherungsrecht und Humanitäres Völkerrecht. Vol. 21, 2. 2008. 119-122.

Trainings

  • Violent Environment Preparedness Training (VEPT) 
  • Hostile Environment Awareness Training (HEAT) 
  • WORC, IMPACT, FAF (Basic Delegates Training (GRC)) 
  • Simulation Exercise: “The Osmania Case”
  • Sphere Standards Training (Dr. Peter Schmitz, Malteser) 
  • ERU “First Days” Training (Dr.  Richard Munz, Red Cross) 
  • Project Cycle Management Training (Ruhr-University) 
  • Humanitarian Logistics Training (Ruhr-University) 
  • Sector Governance in Urban Sanitation (GIZ)
  • Summer School on German & Chinese Economics/Law

Conferences

  • Annual participation in the “Humanitarian Congress” in Berlin, Organizers: MSF and Charité Berlin, since 2009.
  • International Conference on Advances in Social Science, Economics and Human Behavior - SEH 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 05/2014.
  • Third World Conference on Humanitarian Studies - Human Security: Humanitarian Perspectives and Responses Conference, Istanbul, Turkey, 10/2013.
  • IPID International Doctoral Conference, DAAD, University of Cologne, Germany, 05/2013.
  • Wasser Berlin International 2013 – Trade Fair and Congress for Water and Wastewater, Messe Berlin, Germany, 04/2013.
  • XXVI. Afghanistan-Tagung „Afghanistan nach 2014 – Rückzug aus der Verantwortung?“, Evangelische Akademie Villigst, Germany, 12/2012.
  • 2nd “Women in Action” International Conference, Sa'ad Palace Conference Centre/ Tawar Hall, Erbil/ Sulaimaniyah, Iraq, 11/2012.
  • 3rd Joint Planning Conference ‘Rapid Urban Growth and Opportunities for Sustainable Development’, University of Dohuk, Dohuk, Iraq, 10/2012.
  • Kurdistan Projects - Invest in the Kurdistan Region, Rotana Hotel, Erbil, Iraq, 06/2012.
  • 6th World Water Forum, Parc Chanot, Palais des Congrèset des Expositions de Marseille, Marseille, France, 03/2012.
  • Exploring DPP potential in the Iraq Water Sector, Kempinski Hotel, Amman, Jordan, 01/2012.
  • 2nd IWA Development Congress and Exhibition, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 11/2012.
  • Reforming Social Protection Systems in Developing Countries, International Conference, Bochum, Germany, 10/2011.
  • Wasser Berlin International 2011 - Kongress WASSER BERLIN INTERNATIONAL, Messe Berlin, Germany, 05/2011.

Work Experience

  • Project Analyst/ Adviser at Rheinisch-Westfälische Eletrizizätswerk AG (RWE AG)
  • Key Account Manager Executive Institute Ltd. in Cairo, Egypt
  • Associate for Humanitarian Aid Kindernothilfe e.V. (KNH) in Duisburg, Germany
  • Evaluator Development Assistance Research Associates (DARA) in Madrid, Spain/ Jerusalem, oPt/ Israel