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Salam Alhaj Hasan

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Institute of Development Research and Development Policy
Ruhr-University Bochum
Universitätsstr. 105, Room 2.23 / 2.24 / 2.27 / 2.32
44789 Bochum

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: +49-(0)234 / 32-29463

Fax: +49-(0)234 / 32-14-294

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Research Interest

  • development economics
  • conflict studies
  • refugee and forced migration studies

PhD Project

The economic life of Syrian refugees in camps

This research aims at examining the economic situations of Syrian refugees in camps in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon.

According to UNHCR estimations, by the end of 2014, 59.5 million people were forcibly displaced worldwide. Of those, 14.4 million people are refugees (not including the 5.1 million Palestinian refugees registered with UNRWA). Syrian refugees account for 3.88 million people. Half the Syrian population is currently displaced. In 2014 alone, the increase of people fleeing their countries is the highest since the end of World War II. The needs of protection and humanitarian assistance for refugees and internally displaced people are huge and challenging. While international and national actors concentrate on immediate relief and assistance, little attention goes to improving the lives of refugees in camps. Most international organizations' agendas and host countries' policies deal with refugees as a very temporary phenomenon. These temporary situations are increasingly lasting much longer. The average "duration of major refugee situation" is estimated to have increased to 17 years (UNHCR, 2004). With longer periods the international aid declines, coupled with restrictions on work and movement, the current polices and approaches are failing to find long-term solutions and are limiting refugees' capabilities to pursue livelihood.

Despite the isolation of camps and non-preferable policies such as restriction to work and movement, a lot of refugees find strategies to pursue livelihood and some start their own businesses. This research looks at refugees resources be it remittance, aid or other forms like participating in income generating programs and others. It uses a similar framework of addressing shadow and informal economy to better understand how refugees survive in camps, what constraints they face, how they react to host country polices and the effects of aid on their own economic activities. Understanding how refugees allocate their resources and pursue livelihood has important policy implication as it allows improving the economic conditions of both refugees and host communities.

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Löwenstein


Alhaj Hasan, Salam (2022): Work and Education Outcomes of Syrian Refugees in Jordan: Differences between Zaatari camp and Amman, in: Trialog 140-141, Vol. 1-2/2022: Cities and Displacement, pp. 38-43.

How to contact us

Institute of Development Research and Development Policy
Ruhr University Bochum

Room 2.04
Universitaetsstr. 105
D-44789 Bochum

E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone:   +49-(0)234 / 32-22418
or   32-22243
Fax:   +49-(0)234 / 32-14-294

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Latest Publications

Sadik-Zada, E.R. Gatto, A. (2023). Frontiers and Best Practices in Bio, Circular, and Green Growth and Eco-Innovation.
available online

Sadik-Zada, E.R., Gatto, A., Weißnicht, Y. (2024). Back to the Future: Revisiting the Perspectives on nuclear fusion and juxtaposition to existing energy sources. Energy, Volume 290, 129150. 
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Britta Niklas, The effect of South African wine certifications on price premiums and marginal costs: A two-stage hedonic approach, Economic Modelling Volume 132, March 2024
available online

More information: "Publications / New Publications"

IEE on Tour

Feb 26.2. - 1.3.2024
Prof. Wilhelm Löwenstein, Gabriele Bäcker, Muhammad Saleh, Akua Martinson, Natalia Zakharchenko, Irene Among, Simon Rahn 
ADAPTED Annual Meeting, Centre d'Économie de la Sorbonne, Paris 1 University, France

Nov 13.11. - 14.11.2023
Simon Rahn
Development Dialogue Konferenz (DD19), International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), The Hague, NL

May 28.5. - 31.5.2023
Britta Niklas
Greece, Crete, 2nd annual conference of the European Association of Wine Economists (EUAWE)

Apr 16.4. - 22.4.2023
Irene Among
South Africa, Cape Twon, UWC, Lecture

Apr 3.4. - 7.4.2023
Irene Among
UK, Studies Conference

Mar 18.3. - 4.4.2023:
Britta Niklas
South Africa, Cape Twon, UWC, Lecture

Feb 11.02. - 27.02.2023:
Wilhelm Löwenstein
South Africa, Cape Twon, UWC, Lecture

Jan 07.01. -25.01.2023:
Elkhan Sadik-Zada
South Africa, Cape Town, UWC, Lecture