IEE Working Paper 204

Johannes Norpoth, Lukas Groß, and Rahima Aktar:
Child Labour in Bangladesh: an Analysis of Gaps and Weaknesses of the Existing Legal Framework.

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MADM Alumnus Participated in DAAD-Supported Alumni Seminar

Gerald Ahabwe, MADM Alumnus of 2009, took part in the International Alumni Seminar on Water, Energy and Sanitation in Urban and Decentralized Regions at Oldenburg University from 3rd-12th April 2014 and presented a paper titled 'Using Prepaid meters to Improve piped water access for the urban poor: Experiences of National Water and Sewerage Corporation, Uganda'. Read his report:

"The Alumni Seminar targeted German Alumni from developing countries who are professionally involved in the development of urban and rural regions regarding the domains water, sanitation and energy supply as well as city and regional planning or related domains, and those who are working for academic or educational institutions, development organizations, NGO's or private enterprises in such fields.

New IEE Working Paper

2014-04_wp-201Dieter Bender and Wilhelm Löwenstein: Immiserizing Capital Flows to Developing Countries.
IEE Working Paper Vol. 201

Based on a neoclassical growth model for open low income economies this paper shows that development strategies, which rely on net borrowing abroad lead to a position of sustainable foreign indebtedness (provided that all capital imports are used for investment financing), but turn out to be immiserizing. The paper proves that development financing by foreign loans is either ineffective in terms of increasing per capita income but associated by sustainable foreign debts, or the effectiveness is bought at the price of growing into unsustainable debt positions. The first option is stable but counterproductive. The second option is effective but unstable.

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Two New IEE Working Papers

Sascha Rosenberger (2014): ICTs and Development, What is Missing?
IEE Working Paper Vol. 203

A review of literature indicates that most approaches emphasize bridging the digital divide, an approach focused solely on material gaps. However, the digital divide is perhaps the last of many, preceded by social, educational, economic, knowledge, and motivational divides. This stems from an incomplete assessment of the underlying characteristics of Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D), which helps to perpetuate positivist approaches to technology deployment between social groups inside countries, as well as between countries. ICT4D is therefore seen as a misnomer that puts undue pressure on developing countries and neglects the responsibilities of actors in developed countries. The application of the notions of freedom, as presented by Sen and Stallman, in the analysis of ICT4D prompts for a more thorough consideration of the characteristics of technology being pushed for use in developing countries. This leads to the conclusion that common ICT4D approaches could reinforce developing countries’ dependence on foreign actors and delay or entirely prevent the development of locally relevant and empowering solutions.


Johannes Norpoth, Lukas Groß, and Rahima Aktar: Child Labour in Bangladesh: an Analysis of Gaps and Weaknesses of the Existing Legal Framework.
IEE Working Paper Vol. 204

Child labour, particularly in its worst forms, harms the health and general welfare of children. It is considered to be a decisive impediment to the development efforts of developing countries. Working children drop out of school early and the resulting comparative lack of knowledge and skills decreases their chances to find well-paid employment in the future. International legal documents, most prominently in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN CRC) and Conventions by the International Labour Organization (ILO), address the problem of child labour and call for an elimination of its worst forms. Despite efforts made at the international and national level child labour remains a common, and often socially accepted, scenario particularly in some developing countries. Bangladesh is one of the countries that still face the challenge of having a large number of children that are working under conditions considered as child labour. The prime reason is poverty. In recent years Bangladesh has taken various measures, including legal measures, to address the situation. This paper reviews reports on the child labour situation in Bangladesh and the current legal framework for child labour and demonstrates that there remain gaps in the legal and policy framework of Bangladesh.

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IEE on Tour

April 24 - 25:
Johannes Norpoth
at DIREITO GV – São Paulo Law School for the 3rd Conference of the Postgraduate and Early Professionals/Academics Network of the Society of International Economic Law (PEPA/SIEL), presenting "David's Sling or Blunt Knife - The Requirement of Territoriality for the Implementation of the Authorization to Suspend TRIPS Obligations"

April 24 - 26:
Marc Hansen and
Dr. Martina Shakya
at the Church of the Paulines, Goettingen, for the GlobalFood Symposium 2014

On Field Research

Catherine Biira
in East Africa (Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania) until May 2014
Project: Collective Identity and Prospects for Political Integration: The Case of the East African Community

Sascha Rosenberger
in Paraguay until June 2014
Project: Factors Affecting the Development of an Epistemic Landscape in Paraguay as a Developing Country

Jurek Seifert
in Brazil until September 2014
Project: The Function of South-South Cooperation within the Foreign Policy of Emerging Powers

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