Dr. Annika Engelbert

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Corresponding Member

Ruhr-University Bochum
Chair of Public Law (Development Law)
Building GC, Room 8/32
Universitätsstr. 150
D-44801 Bochum

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Phone: +49 (0)234 / 32-25267

Fax: +49 (0)234 / 32-14421


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Research Project

Procurement Law and Anti-Corruption in Sub-Saharan Africa

The project seeks to analyze the specific conditions within the procurement systems of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ghana, and their actual eligibility to reduce corruption in public procurement processes. In almost all countries in the world public procurement through government contracting represents a large – if not the largest – percentage of economic activity. Transparent procurement procedures and efficient organizational structures are essential in order to prevent corruption-caused distortions of competition. Due to the fact that corruption is considered as one of the major factors that hinder social and economic development, especially developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa have a strong interest in strengthening public procurement systems and curbing corruption. The procurement law systems and legislation of the above mentioned countries have been assessed repeatedly by the World Bank. A systematic comparative analysis of these still quite young procurement law systems will be the core of the research project in order to draw conclusions with regard to the actual status of implementation and effectiveness of different procurement methods and review instruments. The project considers socio-cultural and political implications as well as issues of international law and legal aspects of development cooperation. Information gained from various stakeholders such as public procurement authorities, national and international organizations and NGOs as well as interviews with scientific experts are the basis for the research result.

Project duration: February 2012 until August 2015
Funded by Fritz Thyssen Foundation

PhD Project

Procurement law in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda: A means to curb corruption?

Procurement law is one of the legal instruments to fight corruption in the public sector. Transparent procurement procedures, but also organizational structures that ensure efficient implementation and control of these procedures, constitute the basic prerequisites for a public contract awarding free of corruption-caused distortion of competition. During the past years, mainly at the international donor community’s urging, a number of new procurement systems have been established in the states of Sub-Saharan African that are particularly affected by corruption. However, not all expectations linked to these reform efforts have been fully met. A comparative law analysis shall examine the specific conditions under which procurement systems can be implemented successfully as an instrument to combat corruption in African states. The research will consider socio-cultural and political implications as well as issues of international law and legal aspects of development cooperation with regard to the design of the procurement systems. The research work will contribute mainly to the public-law subdomain in the field of Law and Development research. Due to the considerable influence that stakeholders of the multilateral and bilateral development cooperation have on the constitution of procurement systems in Sub-Saharan Africa, another focus of the research will be on international and administrative development law.
The research work will concentrate on three East African countries (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) in order to gain a comparative perspective on the topic. Despite their individual differences, these countries benefit from relatively stable framework conditions to establish good governance structures and, consequently, to set up efficient procurement systems. The applied methodology will concentrate on an institutional-functional comparative approach, with the legal procurement entities in the centre of the comparative law analysis (institutional comparison). The underlying research question is whether the norms of these authorities are qualified to contribute to an effective corruption control throughout the public sectors (functional comparison). In order to get further insight, especially concerning strengths and weaknesses of the new procurement law implementation, remote and on-site discussions and interviews with national institutions, NGOs, development organisations and academic institutes will be held.

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Markus Kaltenborn


Since April 2012:   Ruhr-University Bochum
Institute of Development Research and Development Policy: PhD candidate;
Member of the Research School
Since February 2012:   Ruhr-University Bochum
Chair of Public Law (Development Law); Prof. Dr. Markus Kaltenborn
Research associate on “Procurement Law and Anti-Corruption in Sub-Saharan Africa”
2007 - 2012:   Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
International Services, Succursale Brussels
HR & Procurement Manager
2006 - 2007:   Bertelsmann Foundation, Gütersloh
International Affairs Department; Communications Department
2003 - 2006:   University of Osnabrück
M.A. in European Studies
Erasmus exchange student, University of Aarhus (2003-2004)
2000 - 2003:   University of Osnabrück
B.A. in European Studies
Study term abroad, University for Foreigners of Siena (2002)


  • Public Procurement Law in Sub-Saharan Africa. A Means to Curb Corruption? (Doctoral Thesis), Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsges., 2017. - 289 S. - ISBN 978-3-8487-4026-0
  • "Anti-corruption elements in the Ghanaian public procurement law", African Public Procurement Law Journal, Volume 2 (2015), Issue 1.
  • "The Role of Anti-Corruption Agencies in the Investigation and Prosecution of Procurement Related Corruption Cases", IEE Working Papers, Vol. 209, 2014. Bochum: Institute of Development Research and Development Policy, Ruhr University Bochum.
  • "Annamaria La Chimia: Tied Aid and Development Aid Procurement in the Framework of EU and WTO Law. The Imperative for Change", book review, in: Verfassung und Recht in Übersee, Vol. 47, 2/2014, pp. 270 ff.
  • "Procurement Methods in Kenya – A Step towards Transparency?" in: European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Vol. 7, 3/2012, p. 162 ff. (together with Nina Reit und Laurence Westen)


  • Course attendance "Management of Development Projects", SLE Training for International Development Cooperation, Humboldt University, Berlin, 03.-14.08.2015
  • "The weakest link: Investigation and prosecution of procurement-related corruption cases in Tanzania and Uganda", Third International Conference on Evidence-Based Anti-Corruption Policies, National Anti-Corruption Commission of Thailand, Bangkok, 17.-18.06.2015
  • Course attendance "International Anti-Corruption Summer Academy", Laxenburg, 03. 12.07.2014
  • "Administrative review systems and their potential for anti-corruption impact: Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania in a comparative perspective", 6th Public Procurement Research Students Conference, University of Nottingham, 28. 29.04.2014
  • "Procurement law in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda: A means to curb corruption?", The Economics of Corruption 2013: Experimental Approaches to Responsible Governance, University of Passau, 06.-13.10.2013
  • "Effective corruption control: Implementing review mechanisms in public procurement in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda" (co-presented with Dr. Nina-Annette Reit), 5th European Conference on African Studies - African dynamics in a multipolar world, Center of African Studies of the University Institute of Lisbon, 27. 29.06.2013
  • Co-Organization of the Workshop "Kenya Meets Europe – Procurement Law from Different Perspectives", Ruhr-University Bochum, 22.05.2012